Picturing the Parks
Texas photographer takes us on a wild trek through every national park
When photographer Mark Burns was growing up in Houston, he didn’t have many everyday opportunities to gaze upon great mountains and sweeping vistas, but that changed when his family went on vacations. In those family car trips to West Texas and Big Bend and then on to New Mexico or up into Colorado, Burns first began to understand the magnificence of this country’s vast landscapes.
Now, years later, that appreciation has found its ultimate expression in his photographic exhibition The National Parks Photography Project, on view at the LBJ Presidential Library and Museum from October 1, 2016, through January 19, 2017.
I recently had a chance to speak with Burns about the exhibit and what set him off on this monumental quest to capture one defining image from each of the 59 U.S. national parks. The project began over five years ago, after he created and produced the exhibit The Culture of Wine for the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum in College Station: Jean Becker, Bush’s chief of staff, asked if he had ideas for another exhibition.
Even back in 2010, Burns was already thinking about a photographic way to commemorate the National Parks Service centennial anniversary in 2016. After an advisory committee was brought together and a “collaboration” with the Parks Service was made, Burns set off on his journey that would take him to every national park.
The wild trek
Though he began relatively close to home in the southwest, Burns eventually drove to all of the national parks in the lower 48 states in his Toyota FJ Cruiser, racking up about a 160,000 miles during his five-year odyssey. When driving wasn't an option, he left the Cruiser at home and flew to Hawaii, Alaska, and American Samoa to complete the list.
“The third and fourth years, I was really all over the place, traveling extensively,” Burns explains, describing the route that took him 9,000 to 10,000 miles in one trip. “Some of the trips that I did took me from Houston through New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Oregon, Washington, over to Montana, and then back down through Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico to Houston.”
Many of the the parks he visited multiple times, “chasing weather and also trying to be there during different seasons,” he explains.
From the onset, Burns planned on taking black-and-white photos of the parks, not only because of his artistic appreciation of the medium but also because he felt it was the best type of photography to link the parks in the 21st century back to the previous hundred years.
“Right from the beginning, I made that connection in my mind that it would be a neat bridge to have people looking at photographs that would have a contemporary date, but they would be in black and white, and that would look similar to those [photos] of the 1910s, '20s, and '30s,” Burns says.
The land and sea alone
Looking at this vast expanses frozen in time on paper, visitors to the exhibit might notice that there are no people amid the mountains, rivers, glaciers, beaches, and cliffs, as Burns made a decision early on not to include the “human element.” He did include a few man-made structures, like Proenneke’s Cabin in Lake Clark National Park Alaska, and the lighthouse at Biscayne National Park, but only when they were an important element of the landscape or represented the character of the park.
Burns also felt it necessary to draw a distinction between landscape and wildlife photography. The few animals captured in the photos, like the brown bears in the Katmai National Park, are such a part of the topography of those particular parks that he felt they had to be included.
He also creates a balance in the exhibition between iconic images probably familiar to most Americans and those places of wilderness yet to be overwhelmed by the vacationing crowds. For example, while he captured beautiful pictures of the Yellowstone River, he realized after repeatedly hearing “Where’s Old Faithful?” that his photo of the famous geyser would have to go in the exhibition.
Yet, when I ask Burns if there was an underappreciated park he grew to admire, he is practically poetic in his descriptions of Lassen Volcanic National Park in northern California, a park he had originally just wanted to check off his list but that he revisited several times just to see the change of seasons.
While the The National Parks Photography Project might have officially begun five years ago, it's apparent while talking to Burns that this was a journey that truly began with those family trips of his childhood.
“My dad would take my brother and me. For a period of about six or seven years, we would go to into southwestern Colorado and New Mexico. That’s were I cut my teeth in landscape photography,” Burns says, telling the tales of his first attempts at photographing the Southwest. Instead of the usual whines of a kid asking if they were there yet, he would ask his dad to stop along the road so he could get a picture of some image that had caught his young photographer’s eye.
“We went to Big Bend some, and I certainly enjoyed going out to West Texas and Big Bend because it was such a different environment from Houston. My eye started to see landscapes probably in that Big Bend area.”
Now, Texans can take their own journey into the wilds of our national parks with just a few steps into the LBJ Presidential Library and Museum.