A new report from real estate and rental website Zillow reveals that the income gap is widening between renters and homebuyers at an alarming rate — especially in Texas.
Nationally, Zillow found that homebuyers tend to make a median salary of around $80,000 while renters earn just under $40,000, making the difference between the two groups about $41,000. In Austin, the difference itself is nearly bigger than the renters' entire median income.
Homebuyers in Austin tend to hover just under the $100,000 salary mark, while renters are stuck down at $50,000, meaning the difference is a whopping $48,250. This highlights how much buyers have pulled ahead during the recovery from the Great Recession, due in large part because renters tend to be younger and single-income households.
The typical homebuyer household in 2017 earned more than 62.7 percent of all households, up from 59.8 percent in 2012.
In addition to high upfront expenses like a down payment and closing costs, first-time homebuyers have to contend with a hot housing market where sales prices have outpaced home values. From 2012 to 2017, Zillow found, home values rose 36 percent while incomes climbed just 11 percent. That means there are now 3.5 million fewer households that can afford to buy the typical home.
Zillow also discovered that the percentage of homebuyers making more than $100,000 a year has gone up 8 percent nationally since 2012. In Austin, that number has only increased by 4 percent, but in 2017, nearly half of Austin buyers (49 percent) earned more than $100,000.
The numbers across Texas are much the same, with San Antonio seeing the biggest growth total in homebuyers crossing the $100,000 mark (45 percent in 2017 versus 24 percent in 2012). Dallas-Fort Worth also saw an enormous increase at 19 percent, with a matching extreme salary jump. Homebuyers in 2017 made $100,042 while renters made $45,000, for a difference of $55,042.
The gaps are similar in San Antonio ($51,576) and Houston ($51,615).
Zillow found that nationally almost half of renters who moved in the past year (46 percent) considered buying a home instead during their search, but ultimately ended up renting. A third of renters (32 percent) say they will continue renting because they are saving for a down payment, according to the latest Zillow Group Consumer Housing Trends Report.
"Home prices have outpaced incomes for nearly a decade, pushing homeownership further and further out of reach for first-time buyers even as homeownership aspirations remain very high," says Zillow senior economist Aaron Terrazas. "In the past, low interest rates, lax lending, and migration from pricier to more affordable communities have helped square that circle — but those palliatives break down sooner or later. If becoming a homeowner trends further toward the exclusive domain of society's most fortunate, wealth inequality could see an acceleration in the years ahead."